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  【姓氏起源】


宿氏姓名大全
 

一、姓氏源流
宿(Sù)源出有四:
1、出自风姓,是上古伏羲氏的后代,以国名为氏。据《元和姓纂》、《左传》的记载,周武王灭商建立周朝后,追封前代圣王的后人,其中远古伏羲氏的后人被封于宿(今山东省东平县东),并建立宿国。其公族后代遂以国名为姓,称宿姓,为当今宿氏的正宗。
2、据《北史》上记载,南北朝时期,有朔方人叫若豆根的,被赐姓为宿氏。
3、据《魏书》记载,后魏时,有叫刘子义的,因对后魏有功,被赐为宿氏。
4、北魏时,鲜卑族有宿六斤氏,入中原后逐渐接受汉文化,宿六斤氏也按照汉人单姓的习惯将姓氏改为宿氏。
得姓始祖:伏羲氏。宿氏人丁虽然不是很多,但是他们源自上古伏羲氏,是一个古老姓氏。根据《元和姓纂》、《左传》的记载,宿氏的前身,是伏羲氏时期的一个国家,名叫宿因,当初的位置是在现在的山东省东平县一带。后来,宿因国的子孙“以国为姓”,有了宿氏,此支为宿氏的正宗。第二支宿氏,根据《北史》上记载,南北朝时期,有朔方人叫若豆根的,被赐姓为宿。第三支宿氏,根据《魏书》记载,刘子文被赐为宿氏。第四支由鲜卑族宿六斤氏改为单姓宿氏。因此,我国的宿氏家族,是由伏羲氏、若氏、刘氏、宿六斤氏这四支血统所组成的。山东省东平是宿氏家族的发祥地,汉朝时又在河南省开辟了新天地,河南的宿氏也相当知名。望族居于东平郡,就是现在的山东省东平县附近。故宿氏后人奉伏羲氏为宿姓的始祖。
二、迁徙分布
(缺)宿姓在大陆和台湾都没有列入百家姓前一百位。宿姓出自风姓。宿姓可以追溯到黄帝时期的伏羲氏。伏羲氏是那时有名的氏族部落首领,他的部落文化很发达,传说中汉字,八卦都是伏羲所造的。后来到的周朝时,周武王为了表示对伏羲氏的景仰,就封伏羲氏的后代在宿国(今山东省东平县东南),他的子孙以国名为姓氏,称为宿氏。
三、历史名人
宿 伯:孔子七十二贤之一。参见《芥子园画传》。
宿 石:后魏吏部尚书。字幼聪明能干,为人忠义。他13岁时就在朝中作官,受到大小官员的赞扬。后来被王室看中,将他选为驸马,娶了上谷公主,升做吏部尚书,并被封为太原王。
宿 进:明夹江(今属四川省)人,正德年间官至刑部员外郎。他为人忠耿,疾恶如仇。当时刘瑾专权,他曾三次弹劾,没有结果,后来刘瑾图谋不轨,张永参奏,才把刘瑾处死。这时,宿进除了弹劾依附刘瑾的大臣王敞等人外,并建议对因反对刘瑾而死的人要从优抚恤,揭发刘瑾罪行的人要给予奖励,因此得罪了武帝,被廷杖革职。据载,宿进的后代因为宿的读音与“粟”字相同,改为粟姓。
宿瘤女:战国时齐国东郭采桑之女。齐闵王出游至东郭,百姓尽往观之,唯宿女采桑如故,王召问之,遂立为后。
宿仓舒:汉尉氏(今属河南省)人,出身贫寒,因饥荒,自卖给颍川王氏,后累官上党太守。,在寻找父母途中,忽遇母亲,于是随母回到老家。母亲去世,他也悲恸而死。
宿元景:《水浒传》人物之一。
此外,宿姓名人还有汉代的雁门太守宿详……等。
四、郡望堂号
1、郡望
东平郡:汉、晋时在古梁国之地置东平国,南朝宋时改为东平郡。相当今山东省东平、泰安一带。
2、堂号
太原堂:汉朝时有宿仓舒,7岁时遇到了荒年,他怕父母饿死,就要求父母把他卖给了王家。王家仍然让他姓宿。后来宿仓舒做了上党太守,回家乡寻找母亲。经过太原南廊时,恰巧与母亲相遇,遂迎母归养。
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【宿姓宗祠通用对联】
〖宿姓宗祠四言通用联〗
星垣列派;
风姓繁支。
——佚名撰宿姓宗祠通用联
全联典指宿姓出自风姓,为伏羲氏后裔。
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〖宿姓宗祠六言通用联〗
汰宦官昭直节;
尚公主作名卿。
——佚名撰宿姓宗祠通用联
上联典指明代夹江人宿进,正德年间官刑部员外郎,受武宗宠信的太监刘瑾因谋反罪被处死后,他上书要淘汰依附刘瑾的大臣、宦官,还要求为当年因忤逆刘瑾而被害的官员平反,给家属抚恤。因此激怒了武宗,被处以廷杖,又被革职。虽受廷杖革职,而人服其直节。下联典指北魏朔方人宿石,十三岁时袭父爵为官,娶上谷公主,官至吏部尚书,死后追赠为太原王。
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〖宿姓宗祠七言通用联〗
汰宦官以昭直节;
尚公主而作名卿。
——佚名撰宿姓宗祠通用联
上联典指明代夹江人宿进事典。下联典指北魏朔方人宿石事典。此联仅在同名联的基础上,上下联各加了“以”、“而”一字(参见上六言联联释)。


 
宿氏姓名大全
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